“The diet of the American astronauts” which is also known under other pseudonym “Kremlin diet” is surrounded with aura of unprecedented mystery, and today it became already very popular among all fans of diets who also want to care for the health.
The Kremlin diet is called secret for that simple reason that during rather long time the main recipe of this diet was not disclosed to anybody. For this reason in the people various rumors about its results which were considered as miracle went.
Initially this diet was applied during development of diet of astronauts of the USA – therefore and “diet of the American astronauts”. And as for the second name of diet which became known also as “the Kremlin diet”, this name has appeared thanks to the fact that long time on this diet the highest party workers and officials lost weight. By the way, on this diet Yury Luzhkov managed to lose weight measure of Moscow. For this reason, thanks to availability of such eloquent examples, the Kremlin diet is extraordinary popular in Russia today.
The Kremlin diet works by such principle:
In organism intake of carbohydrates thanks to the fact that in diet just the use of carbohydrates is limited is sharply limited. After that the organism begins to spend the internal stocks which are placed in fatty deposits.
Thanks to it there is also weight reduction. The more stocks is available for organism, the quicker it spends them. At the same time it should be taken into account that during diet the use of meat in large number is authorized, and at the same time it does not slow down weight loss process.
On the first week at food there have to be about 20 grams of carbohydrates, and after that it is possible to increase up to 40 grams.
There are exceptions – food which are not recommended to be used strictly. These are such products as potato dishes, flour and sweet products, bread, sugar and rice. The first two weeks the use of such products as fruit, juice, vegetables is also forbidden. The basic rule to which it is worth adhering and which is the key to success in weight loss – not to podslashchat anything. By the way, it is allowed to drink tomato juice.
The use of such products as fish, cheese, meat, vegetables with the low content of carbohydrates, and also other food, the content of carbohydrates in which low, is allowed. In order that it is correct to be guided in that how many carbohydrates contain in what product, there is table of the Kremlin diet. Each product has the cost. One point is equal to 1 gram of carbohydrates.
Table of the Kremlin diet
|Wheat||50||Crackers are creamy||66|
|Rye||34||Flat cakes rye||43|
|Borodino||40||Wheat flour premium||68|
|Riga||51||Wheat flour first grade||67|
|The unleavened wheat cake is Armenian||56||Artificial rye flour||64|
|Grain bread||43||Soy flour||16|
|Rich rolls||51||Potato starch||79|
|The straws are sweet||69||Noodles egg||68|
|Buckwheat (has passed)||65||pchnevy||66|
|Beef, veal||0||Sausages beef||1,5|
|Mutton, pork||0||Sausages pork||2|
|Geese, ducks||0||Sausages milk||1,5|
|Meat in crackers||5||Brisket||0|
|Meat in flour sauce||6||Fat||0|
|Heart||0||pzyk pork, beef||0|
|Beef liver||0||Legs are pork||0|
|The liver is chicken||1,5||pyets in any kind (piece)||0,5|
|Fish fresh, frozen (river, sea)||0||Oysters||7|
|Fish in crackers||12||Lobsters||1|
|Fish in tomato||6||Caviar red||0|
|The milk pasteurized||4,7||Kefir, curdled milk||3,2|
|Baked milk||4,7||Yogurt without sugar||3,5|
|Sour cream||3||Cheese of different grades||0,5 – 2|
|Fat cottage cheese||2,8||Butter||1,3|
|Low-fat cottage cheese||1,8||Margarine||1|
|Cottage cheese dietary||1||Mayonnaise table||2,6|
|Curds sweet||15||Vegetable oil||0|
|The curd cakes glazed||32|
|Green peas||12||Parsley (root)||10,5|
|Cabbage of kohlrabi||8||Salad sheet||2|
|Haricot siliculose||3||Celery (root)||6|
|Daikon (Chinese garden radish)||1||Ramson||6|
|Pepper green sweet||5||Potatoes||16|
|Pepper red sweet||5||Spinach||2|
|White||1||Birch mushrooms are dried||14|
|White dried||7,5||Aspen mushrooms are fresh||1|
|Milk mushrooms are fresh||1||Aspen mushrooms are dried||13|
|Fresh chanterelle mushrooms||1,5||Saffron milk caps||0,5|
|Butter mushrooms are fresh||0,5||Morels||0,2|
|Honey agarics are fresh||0,5||Russulas||1,5|
|SOUPS (on 500 g)|
|Broth chicken, meat||0||Soup goulash||12|
|Soup tomato||17||Soup mushroom||15|
|Soup vegetable||16||Russian cabbage soup green||12|
|Green peas||6,5||Eggplant caviar||5|
|Haricot||2,5||Caviar from beet||2|
|Corn||14,5||Salad with sea cabbage||4|
|Olives||5||The pepper stuffed with vegetables||11|
|Granulated sugar, lump sugar||99||Milk chocolate||54|
|Fruit candy||80||Nut chocolate||48|
|Cake biscuit||50||Candies fondants||83|
|Cake almond||45||Fruit jelly||76|
|Cream cake||62||Filled hard boiled candies||92|
|Butter biscuits||75||The milk condensed||56|
|Gingerbreads scalded||77||Jam apple||66|
|Wafers are fruit||80||Jam strawberry||71|
|Wafers are usual||65||Raspberry jam||71|
|Ice cream fruit||25||Jam||68|
|Frozen eskimo||20||Jam diabetic||3|
|Ice cream creamy||22||Jam apple||65|
|Cherry plum||6,5||Mountain ash||8,5|
|Pineapple||11,5||Mountain ash black-fruited||11|
|Cornel||9||The pear is dried||49|
|Lemon||3||pblok are dried||45|
|Gooseberry||9||The dogrose is fresh||10|
|Raspberry||8||The dogrose is dried||21,5|
|Filbert||15||Pumpkin sunflower seeds||12|
|Almonds||11||Sunflower sunflower seeds||18|
|Mineral water||0||Juice plum with pulp||11|
|Tea, coffee without sugar||0||Juice cherry||11,5|
|Apple juice||7,5||Juice apricot||14|
|Orange juice||12||Juice carrot||6|
|Juice grape||14||Compote apricot||21|
|Tomato juice||3,5||Grapes compote||19|
|Grapefruit juice||8||Compote cherry||24|
|Juice mandarine||9||Compote pear||18|
|Juice garnet||14||Compote apple||19|
|Juice plum||16||Compote on xylitol||6|
|Dry red wine||1||Vodka||0|
|Dry white wine||1||Cognac, brandy||0|
|Beer of 250 g||12||Rum||0|
|Liqueur of 60 g||18||Tequila||0|
|Cinnamon (1 h spoon)||0,5||Horse-radish (1 tablespoon)||0,4|
|Chili pepper ground (1 h spoon)||0,5||Ketchup (1 tablespoon)||4|
|Vinegar (1 tablespoon)||2,3||Soy sauce (1 tablespoon)||1|
|Apple cider vinegar (1 tablespoon)||1||Barbecue sauce (1 tablespoon)||1,8|
|Vinegar wine white (1 tablespoon)||1,5||Sauce sweet-sour|
|Vinegar wine red (1 tablespoon)||0||(1/4 glasses)||15|
|Mustard (1 tablespoon)||0,5||Tomato sauce (1/4 glasses)||3,5|
|Cranberry sauce (1 tablespoon)||6,5||Tartare sauce (1 tablespoon)||0,5|
|Capers (1 tablespoon)||0,4||Gravy meat (on the basis of broth, 1/4 glasses)||3|
|Ginger root (1 tablespoon)||0,8||Spicy herbs (1 tablespoon)||0,1|
As for such products as sausage, sausages, sausages, they need to be used carefully. The matter is that in modern production these products very often do not correspond to the maintenance of meat and meat products declared in them. Even more often these products are replaced soy that is inadmissible during maintaining the Kremlin diet. Starch is also very often added. Thus, as in these additives the huge content of carbohydrates, it is necessary to refuse their use. Of course, if you really want to benefit from diet.
In spite of the fact that the diet does not limit the use of such products as meat and cheese, it does not mean that it is possible to eat them with kilograms, and at the same time to grow thin. To increase efficiency of the Kremlin diet, it is necessary not only to consider points, but also to adhere to day regimen and the mode of dream. So, if you will not eat in 3-4 hours prior to dream, efficiency of diet will only increase.
When people address the nutritionist, him, as a rule, make approximate diet of diet. However you can manage and by own efforts. The main thing – to observe the principle of diet. In the first two weeks it is necessary to gain 20 points, and further – it is less than 40 points. As on this diet you can use a lot of meat and fishes, it is necessary to make so that they were well acquired. And for this purpose it is the best of all to use them with vegetables.
Example of the menu for week:
Total: 28 conventional units.
Total: 23 conventional units.
Total: 36 conventional units.
Total: 25 conventional units.
Total: 30 conventional units.
Total: 31 conventional units.
walnuts, 30 g – 4 conventional units.Dinner:
tomato average – 6 conventional units.
meat boiled, 200 g – 0 conventional units.
glass of unsweetened kefir – 10 conventional units.Total: 31 conventional units.
Indications and contraindications
As well as any other diet, the Kremlin diet has the indications and contraindications. As we have already found out, indications to application of diet is the excess weight, and also diseases caused by it which range is extraordinary wide. Respectively, the patient is recommended to reduce the use of carbohydrates.
And as for contraindications, them are chronic diseases of heart, kidneys and vessels. The diet is also contraindicated to pregnant women who have decided to observe it without testimonies of the doctor.
Today every third has urolithic illness in a varying degree. And so, at this illness the use of fats in such quantity which is offered the Kremlin diet is forbidden. The same concerns also influence of proteins on sore kidneys.
Therefore if your health (and this diet is expected long term) to you is expensive to you it is necessary to pass initially inspection that then with clear conscience to go on diet. However if this diet suits you in all respects, you can add the cut-down amount of the consumed proteins, having filled them with vegetables which are allowed to be used according to the table of the Kremlin diet.
Features of observance of the Kremlin diet
As well as during maintaining any diet, during the Kremlin diet it is necessary to consider some of its specific features.
So, close attention as it was already told earlier, it is necessary to give to the sugar use. It is especially difficult to limit the use sugar that who on life is sweet tooth. Nutritionists call sugar long ago white death as its use does not conceal in itself anything useful to the person. Thus, and the Kremlin diet is not compatible to the sugar use.
If to pay attention to the carbohydrate table, then it is possible to see that in sugar there are 99 c.u. on hundred grams of product. And the daily carbohydrate diet has to make no more than 40 c.u. Thus, if you use only 40 grams of sugar, then you will spend all the day diet. At the same time if you eat entirely the whole chicken, then it will not do harm to diet.
For this reason if you cannot provide the life without sweet, this diet will be given you very difficult, so, you should look for more suitable diet. But, if fruit are capable to compensate you consumption of sweet in small amount then it is worth trying as diet very productive.
In the Kremlin diet also special attention is paid to the water use. As water supports the correct water-salt balance, it also reduces load of human body. Besides, water brings slags out of organism. It is daily necessary to use not less than 1,5-2 liters of water.
One more feature which often accompanies the Kremlin diet is locks. This unpleasant phenomenon can easily be nullified if to use bran during diet. Only one tablespoon of bran is capable to return digestion to its normal state.
The main mistakes at observance of the Kremlin diet
People who have got used to eat a little and not often make the same mistake during the Kremlin diet. And meanwhile, during this diet it is necessary to eat fully and big portions. It is necessary to eat twice a day fully, and also it is necessary to have a bite twice a day. Regular consumption of food promotes normal digestion, and also saturation of organism energy. It is impossible to miss breakfast at all, otherwise all mode of diet will be spoiled. As fruit need to be excluded from diet as much as possible, those which you will use have to be rich with cellulose.
During the Kremlin diet it is impossible to exclude fats from food allowance. For example, if you enter olive oil into diet, then it will do only good to your weight loss. If you were invited in restaurant or in cafe, you should not concede to diet. The Kremlin diet is way of life, but not makeshift.
By the way, huge plus of the Kremlin diet is lack of need to consider calories. The main thing is drawing up the balanced menu.
Going on diet, many women begin to exhaust themselves with sport as consider that the more loadings, the better at them it will turn out to grow thin. However it does not work in relation to the Kremlin diet. This diet is not expected intensive sports activities. All you need is to grow thin, it or to play sports in that mode which you supported before, or to enter small physical activities. Sport is benign capable to improve metabolism, and also to help to cope with problems in digestion. Perhaps, you even should not use bran.
Very important point during maintaining the Kremlin diet is exit from it. It is necessary to do it gradually as extra kilos can back return with ease. However many people accept the Kremlin diet as new way of life because it is possible to get used to it easily. Thanks to balance of diet, and also the fact that it is rather long accustoming happens very easily. Therefore after the termination of diet many continue to adhere to it all life. And it is the optimal solution because will help to consolidate the achieved results.
Gradually your weight will completely be fixed on the necessary indicator, and will not increase any more, pleasing you with good figure and excellent health.